ALBANY - With three days to spare, New York has adopted its third straight on-time budget.
That hasn't been done in 30 years, and lawmakers, Gov. Andrew Cuomo and legislative leaders said it shows how well state government now functions. Further proof, they said, is that the $135 billion budget holds spending increases to less than 2 percent for the third consecutive time, without hikes in taxes or fees.
They called it a family-friendly, business-friendly, and middle-class friendly budget. But there are more taxes. The budget is built on extending two temporary taxes that were due to expire, an income tax surcharge on millionaires and a business tax on energy costs.
The Assembly late Thursday gave final legislative approval to the budget and the Senate approved its bills early Wednesday. The budget was not due until Sunday, the start of the new fiscal year.
Major elements include nearly $1 billion more for schools, about a 4-percent average increase, and $350 tax rebate checks that will be sent to most middle class families next year, shortly before Election Day. The minimum wage will rise to $9 over three years, and employers of teenagers in part-time jobs will get a taxpayer-paid subsidy to cover most of the increase.
Businesses will get additional tax breaks including one to encourage the hiring of recent veterans.
"We accomplished a lot of things we wanted to accomplish," said Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver who had made raising the $7.25-an-hour minimum wage a priority for two years.
The budget process was criticized for continuing Albany's tradition of closed-door negotiations among top leaders with little if any real role for rank-and-file lawmakers, who under a budget reform law were supposed to hash out spending agreements in public.
A stumble in negotiations included fixes needed to the state's new gun control law, passed in January, which has drawn some sharp criticism from upstate communities. The budget suspends the provision that would have outlawed any bullet magazines that carried more than seven bullets, because seven-bullet magazines aren't made. The standard is 10 bullets, but Cuomo sought to have the lowest magazine capacity in the nation.